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Download The He Pikorua Practice Sequence [PDF, 519 KB]


It is underpinned by a set of guiding principles for how we work together as practitioners of Learning Support.

  • He Pikorua in action supports practitioners to work as a collaborative team with whānau and education settings in a proactive and positive way. It also supports practitioners to build adult confidence and capability, and provide seamless support to mokopuna and their whānau.
  • The continuum of support ranges across the three tiers (universal, targeted and individualised), from providing advice and guidance, to more intensive and ongoing interventions.
  • The elements of He Pikorua in action can be used to support solution-focussed, ongoing reflection throughout the process to empower the team.
  • The elements can be used to structure a meeting, guide a systemic project, or support the course of individualised case work.
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Ko te manu e kai te miro, nōna te ngahere:
Ko te manu e kai i te mātauranga, nōna te ao.


The bird that partakes of the miro berry reigns in the forest:
The bird that partakes of education reigns in the world.

A flexible and collaborative approach to practice

Practitioners work with educators and education settings to find solutions. This collaborative approach builds the practitioners’ inclusive practice capability so they can provide better support to mokopuna and whānau.

He Pikorua in action is a flexible inquiry approach for responding to the needs of mokopuna, whānau, educators, teams and communities.

When practitioners are invited to support an education setting or cluster, the elements within He Pikorua in action can guide collaborative practice. The focus on service quality and on ensuring solutions can be tailored to achieve the outcomes agreed with educators, mokopuna and whānau.

Although it may appear as a staged process, He Pikorua in action is designed so you can go back and revisit, or build on particular elements at any time you need. For example, revisit the process when a new member joins the collaborative team, new information is provided, or new circumstances arise.

He Pikorua supports practitioners to consider where their specialist skills and expertise can best help achieve the outcomes that whānau and educators have identified as most important for their mokopuna. How we work gives examples of the type of professional activities where He Pikorua can guide and support practitioners to empower the adults within teams.

We use culturally responsive frameworks to be effective, respectful and safe in our practice

(see Voice, choice and agency for more information).

He Urunga Tū (RTLB)

He Urunga Tū enables practitioners to be manuhiri who are invited to facilitate, support and nurture the mokopuna through their learning journey. The five phases of He Urunga Tū link to the features of He Pikorua, using the analogy of pōwhiri to illustrate how RTLB work in schools and Māori medium kura.

He Urunga Tu

Being guided by Kaitakawaenga

Kaitakawaenga and Te Pikinga ki Runga guide practitioners in their interactions to support information-gathering and planning. Kaitakawaenga build whakawhanaungatanga to support the mokopuna and whānau by acknowledging and reflecting Māori values, beliefs, knowledge and ways of thinking. These approaches also make appropriate whakapapa connections that define Māori.

Te Pikinga ki Runga (Sonja Macfarlane)

This blended and strengths-based kaupapa Māori framework is specifically intended to guide education professionals in their interactions when working with mokopuna and their whānau. The framework also supports information-gathering and planning.

More about Te Pikinga ki Runga (PDF, 209 KB)

Te Whare Tapa Whā (Mason Durie)

This model is based on the four dimensions that underpin Māori health and represent the foundational beliefs of life:

  • te taha hinengaro (psychological)
  • te taha wairua (spiritual)
  • te taha tinana (physical)
  • te taha whānau (relational).

More about Te Whare Tapa Whā

Fonofale (Fuimaono Karl Pulotu-Endermann)

This dynamic Pacific model can be used to gather information, and consider, design and plan for the holistic needs of the mokopuna. The Fonofale model allows the team to collaborate with a more holistic, culturally safe and affirming approach.

 Find out more

Talanoa – to guide and facilitate talk without agenda (TM Vaioleti)

Talanoa is a useful, holistic model for communicating and engaging all people involved in supporting mokopuna and their whānau. The four elements of the Talanoa model are Tongan words with similar meanings used in other Pacific languages.

More about Talanoa